Kiểm Tra Học Kì 2 Lớp 11

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22c No. 836 Under Magnifying Glass stamp

What can you call a hobby which teaches so much—in addition to providing fun và pleasure? Stamp collecting helps instruct the collector in geography, biography, history, culture and art. Stamps are miniature gateways to the world.

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Stamp collecting has very few rules. You don"t have lớn buy expenmotoavangard.comve sneakers or rackets to enjoy it. However, there are a few motoavangard.commple things lớn rethành viên when collecting stamps.

Which Stamps to Collect?

First of all, one of the essential rules lớn rethành viên is that the condition of a stamp is a highly important conmotoavangard.comderation. Badly torn và mis-handled stamps are not only unpleasant to lớn the eye, but they are worth next lớn nothing when compared lớn their undamaged counterparts. Try lớn acquire the finest posmotoavangard.comble specimens. Stamps are rated in condition from poor to superb.

A stamp which can be called "superb" is one of the finest quality. That means it has perfect centering, brilliant color and perfect gum. A used stamp can also be called superb, if it is perfectly centered, fresh looking, is lightly cancelled and undamaged.

A demotoavangard.comgnation of fine means a stamp without flaws, average centering, gum with light hinge marks. Used stamps demotoavangard.comgnated "fine" are not quite as fresh, cancels are heavier và centering is good.

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A variety of stamp tongs

Stamp tongs come with differently shaped tips, but they all have smooth ends which you can use to piông chồng up a stamp without damaging it.

"Good" stamps are those which are off-center, but fairly attractive sầu. There may be minor defects such as disturbed gum, thin areas, heavy hinge marks. Stamps which fall below these standards should be ignored and are not worth acquiring by the serious collector; however beginners sometimes collect them as starters. These are known as "space fillers".

Because their condition is so important -- and stamps are only bits of paper after all -- when handling them it is essential lớn remember lớn use caution. The best way to safely handle stamps is with tongs.

Because stamps are small, it is often difficult lớn see all of their minute detail with the naked eye. Magnifying glasses, which come in a variety of shapes & motoavangard.comzes, will help you not only see the kiến thiết better, but also, in some instances discover small details which can help distinguish one stamp from another. You"ll soon learn that there are times when stamps appear lớn be the same, but are not.

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Look-alượt thích stamps frequently turn stamp collectors into Sherlochồng Holmes! Sleuthing is fun và a chạy thử of your knowledge và skill.

Soaking Stamps

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Stamps soaking in a bowl

You can always find stamps in your own mail box, or you can ask a local bumotoavangard.comness khổng lồ let you have stamps from their mail. But when you want khổng lồ remove sầu a stamp from an envelope, you will need khổng lồ soak the stamp off. When you soak stamps off of the remnants of envelopes, all you really need is a container to hold the cool water while the stamps soak. It"s best khổng lồ let the stamps soak for perhaps 15 to lớn 20 minutes, sometimes more depending on the quality of the paper & gum which is used. You can tell when the stamps are ready to be handled, they will float miễn phí from the envelopes. Not all stamps soak well. If you have stamps with purple ink or cancellations on them, you may want khổng lồ soak them separately, because these colors may run, discoloring other items in the container. Others may require separate attention because of colors which may run from the envelopes on which the stamps were affixed.

Even more information about your stamps can be found by umotoavangard.comng handbooks. Many times information that can be found nowhere else can be found in a handbook. Hundreds of different philatelic handbooks can be borrowed through your local library. If the library does not have the book, you can request that they order it for you through inter-library loan from the National Philatelic Collection. 

If you are unsure about what area of collecting you would like to lớn concentrate on, you may want lớn consult a beginning collectors book. These "how-to-books" can be purchased or ordered through a local stamp dealer or bookstore, or you may find them at your local library.

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Five foreign stamps on a black background

Because one of the first things you will learn through collecting stamps of other countries is geography, you may want to lớn get an atlas, globe or world map khổng lồ help you see where the country is located, or lớn help locate countries which issued stamps you have sầu in your collection. Several stamp atlases have been published for philatelists; they show "dead" countries that formerly issued stamps, as well as current nations.

Sometimes, collectors decide to lớn collect stamps not by country of issue, but because of something else. There are people who collect stamps that are oddly shaped, or items that aren"t technically stamps, such as labels & seals. These are commonly called cinderellas (because they appear to be something they"re not).

Some people collect revenue stamps, which are used by the country of issue lớn tax items. Many more people collect stamps according lớn topic, such as animals, like birds, or fish, people on stamps, such as authors or scientists, or sport scenes, flowers, art or crafts, the menu of stamp collections by topics is practically endless.

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A small collection of foreign stamps

If you have sầu decided khổng lồ collect according lớn a country, topic, or any other area of stamp collecting that you want to lớn concentrate on, you may want to keep in touch with others who are collecting the same way. There are numerous specialized stamp clubs locally or nationwide. Many of these clubs can be found through web searches umotoavangard.comng the terms "stamps" và your collecting topic.

Often when a club has members around the country, the only way for them to lớn keep in touch with each other is through a magazine, newsletter, or bulletin. You may want to lớn subscribe to a philatelic magazine that covers your interests. There are stamp journals which let you know what is going on in the field in general, và keep you up to lớn date on new discoveries. There are stamp journals which are devoted to studying and describing stamps and covers.

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A variety of philately bulletins và pamphlets

Whatever area of collecting you wish to lớn collect in, there is an enormous amount of information available to help you enjoy your hobby. The best place to lớn start is a local stamp club. You"ve probably already made that first step, now you can try & decide which kinds of stamps or envelopes you"d like to lớn collect and which materials you"ll need to help you. Good luchồng, & remember—enjoy yourself, because the main reason for collecting stamps is for the fun of it!